Microbial communities related to biodegradation of dispersed Macondo oil at low seawater temperature with Norwegian coastal seawater

TitleMicrobial communities related to biodegradation of dispersed Macondo oil at low seawater temperature with Norwegian coastal seawater
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBrakstad OG, Throne-Holst M, Netzer R, Stoeckel DM, Atlas RM
JournalMicrobial Biotechnology
Volume8
Pagination989-998
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number1751-7907
Accession NumberWOS:000363426100009
KeywordsDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill
AbstractThe Deepwater Horizon (DWH) accident in 2010 created a deepwater plume of small oil droplets from a deepwater well in the Mississippi Canyon lease block 252 (Macondo oil'). A novel laboratory system was used in the current study to investigate biodegradation of Macondo oil dispersions (10m or 30m median droplet sizes) at low oil concentrations (2mgl(-1)) in coastal Norwegian seawater at a temperature of 4-5 degrees C. Whole metagenome analyses showed that oil biodegradation was associated with the successive increased abundances of Gammaproteobacteria, while Alphaproteobacteria (Pelagibacter) became dominant at the end of the experiment. Colwellia and Oceanospirillales were related to n-alkane biodegradation, while particularly Cycloclasticus and Marinobacter were associated with degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons (HCs). The larger oil droplet dispersions resulted in delayed sequential changes of Oceanospirillales and Cycloclasticus, related with slower degradation of alkanes and aromatic HCs. The bacterial successions associated with oil biodegradation showed both similarities and differences when compared with the results from DWH field samples and laboratory studies performed with deepwater from the Gulf of Mexico.
DOI10.1111/1751-7915.12303