Enhanced bioremediation of TCE-contaminated groundwater with coexistence of fuel oil: Effectiveness and mechanism study

TitleEnhanced bioremediation of TCE-contaminated groundwater with coexistence of fuel oil: Effectiveness and mechanism study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLien P.J, Yang Z.H, Chang Y.M, Tu Y.T, Kao C.M
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number1385-8947
Accession NumberWOS:000371559900058
KeywordsOil and Gas Degradation
AbstractThe objectives of this pilot-scale study were to evaluate the effectiveness of trichloroethylene (TCE)contaminated groundwater in situ remediation by intrinsic and enhanced bioremediation mechanisms. Under enhanced bioremediation processes, leaked fuel oil served as the primary substrate to activate the reductive dechlorination of TCE. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to evaluate the variation in TCE-dechlorinating bacteria (Dehalococcoides spp.). Within the fuel oil plume, the natural attenuation of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) and enhanced bioremediation of TCE was observed, and the evidence was as follows: (1) decreased TPH and TCE concentrations along the groundwater flow path; (2) depletion of the electron acceptor [dissolved oxygen (DO), nitrate, and sulfate)] concentrations; (3) production of dissolved ferrous iron, sulfide, methane, and CO2; (4) production of TCE degradation byproducts; (5) increased alkalinity and microbial populations; (6) decreased pH and oxidation-reduction potential and (7) increased Dehalococcoides. The results from PCR, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, and nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that 32 bacterial species that might be related to TPH and TCE degradation had been verified within the TPH plume. The results indicate that natural attenuation mechanisms could effectively contain the TPH plume and cause TPH removal. Although dechlorination of TCE was observed after the fuel oil spill, the dechlorination rate was not sufficient for TCE plume control due to the limited biodegradable primary substrates released from the fuel oil. An alternative primary substrate supplement was necessary to increase the substrate concentrations to obtain a higher TCE dechlorination rate. The results indicate that Dehalococcoides spp., which was one of the dominant bacteria in the groundwater at the site, can be used as a biomarker to evaluate the efficacy of TCE dechlorination. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.