Direct activation of CH4 to oxygenates and unsaturated hydrocarbons using N2O on Fe-modified zeolites

TitleDirect activation of CH4 to oxygenates and unsaturated hydrocarbons using N2O on Fe-modified zeolites
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPark K.S, Kim J.H, Park S.H, Moon D.J, Roh H.S, Chung C.H, Um S.H, Choi J.H, Bae J.W
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis a-Chemical
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number1381-1169
Accession NumberWOS:000391076300016
KeywordsOil and Gas Degradation
AbstractDirect activation of CH4 to oxygenates and unsaturated light hydrocarbons was investigated using Fe modified ZSM-5 and Ferrierite (FER) for a partial oxidation of CH4 with N2O oxidant. The amount of active alpha-oxygen sites and number of Bronsted acid sites on the Fe-modified zeolites were well correlated with CH4 conversion rate and product distributions. The amount of alpha-oxygen sites was largely changed according to preparation method such as wet impregnation or ion-exchange of iron precursor and types of zeolites. A large number of Bronsted acid sites and alpha-oxygen sites on the Fe-modified FER revealed a higher oxygenate formation such as methanol and dimethyl ether (DME) with COx, and a larger number of strong acid sites on Fe-modified ZSM-5 was also responsible for a higher selectivity to light hydrocarbons by a successive dehydration of oxygenates formed. The different catalytic performances were verified through proper measurements of the amount and type of acidic sites as well as the alpha-oxygen sites measured by N2O pulse chemisorption. The Fe-modified FER prepared by impregnation method possessed a larger amount of alpha-oxygen sites due to abundant Bronsted acid sites, which was responsible for a higher rate of CH4 conversion to oxygenates with the help of N2O decomposition on the alpha-oxygen sites originated from iron oxide nanoparticles. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.