Concentrations of viable oil-degrading microorganisms are increased in feces from Calanus finmarchicus feeding in petroleum oil dispersions

TitleConcentrations of viable oil-degrading microorganisms are increased in feces from Calanus finmarchicus feeding in petroleum oil dispersions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsStordal IFladvad, Olsen AJohny, Jenssen BMunro, Netzer R, Hansen BHenrik, Altin D, Brakstad O G
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume98
Pagination69-77
Date PublishedSep 15
ISBN Number0025-326X
Accession NumberWOS:000362134100021
KeywordsOil and Gas Degradation
AbstractZooplankton are suggested to be biotic contributors to the transport and weathering of oil in marine environments due to their ingestion of oil. In the present experiment, feeding activity and microbial communities in feces from Calanus finmarchicus feeding in oil dispersions were characterized. Feeding activity was significantly reduced in oil dispersions. The microbial communities in clean and oil-containing copepod feces were dominated by Rhodobacteraceae family bacteria (Lesingera, Phaeobacter, Rugeria, and Sulfitobacter), which were suggested to be indigenous to copepod feces. The results also indicated that these bacteria were metabolizing oil compounds, as a significant increase in the concentrations of viable oil degrading microorganisms was observed in oil-containing feces. This study shows that bacteria in feces from copepods feeding in dilute oil dispersions have capacity for degradation of oil. Zooplankton may therefore contribute to weathering of oil by excreting feces with microbial communities already adapted to degradation of oil. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.07.011