Biodegradation of isopropanol and acetone under denitrifying conditions by Thauera sp TK001 for nitrate-mediated microbially enhanced oil recovery

TitleBiodegradation of isopropanol and acetone under denitrifying conditions by Thauera sp TK001 for nitrate-mediated microbially enhanced oil recovery
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsFida T.T, Gassara F., Voordouw G.
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume334
Pagination68-75
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number0304-3894
Accession NumberWOS:000401375700008
KeywordsOil and Gas Degradation
AbstractAmendment of reservoir fluid with injected substrates can enhance the growth and activity of microbes. The present study used isopropyl alcohol (IPA) or acetone to enhance the indigenous anaerobic nitrate reducing bacterium Thauera sp. TK001. The strain was able to grow on IPA or acetone and nitrate. To monitor effects of strain TK001 on oil recovery, sand-packed columns containing heavy oil were flooded with minimal medium at atmospheric or high (400 psi) pressure. Bioreactors were then inoculated with 0.5 pore volume (PV) of minimal medium containing Thauera sp. TK001 with 25 mM of acetone or 22.2 mM of IPA with or without 80 mM nitrate. Incubation without flow for two weeks and subsequent injection with minimal medium gave an additional 17.0 +/- 6.7% of residual oil in place (ROIP) from low-pressure bioreactors and an additional 18.3% of ROIP from the high-pressure bioreactors. These results indicate that acetone or IPA, which are commonly used organic solvents, are good substrates for nitrate-mediated microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR), comparable to glucose, acetate or molasses, tested previously. This technology may be used for coupling biodegradation of IPA and/or acetone in waste streams to MEOR where these waste streams are generated in close proximity to an oil field. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.03.061